Considered as of the most advanced in medical technologies and health care services in the world. Japanese publish around five times more research papers than Chinese. The population of Japan enjoys the highest life expectancy of any nation in the world; and the third lowest infant mortality. In this developed nation, healthcare is provided by national and local governments. Hospitals, by law, must be run as non-profit, and be managed by doctors. It is also one of the leading nations in the fields of medical research with the world’s third largest budget for research and development($130 billion). In addition, Japan has developed some very sophisticated robots and equipment use in medicine.
The first Nobel Prize for medicine was awarded to Emil Adolf von Behring, a German. This was in the year 1901. It was for his discovery of a diphtheria antitoxin. Since then, this developed western-central European nation has been one of the forerunners in the field of medical research. Citizens of Germany enjoy a very high standard of living. It has a universal health care system.