National Gendarmerie Intervention Group (GIGN) is a special operations unit of the French Armed Forces. It is trained to perform counter-terrorist and hostage rescue missions. GIGN was created after the Munich massacre in the 1972 Olympic Games. It was formed in 1973. Its members are trained and equipped to respond to extremely violent attacks. The unit is headquartered in Satory, Yvelines, France, and has around 400 operators. GSN’s motto is “To save lives without regard to one’s own.” Intervention force, observation and search force and security and protection force are the three distinct parts of the unit.
German counter-terrorism and special operations unit GSG 9 was officially established in 1973. It is a part of the German Federal Police. It came into existence after the mismanagement of the Germany Police to successfully free 11 Israeli athletes who were kidnapped in Munich during the Summer Olympic Games. The members of this unit are trained to handle cases of kidnapping, hostage taking, extortion and terrorism. GSG 9 is very active in developing and testing methods and tactics for these missions. They have successfully completed more than 1,500 missions between 1972 and 2003.